Why are the pools constantly overcrowded? Swimming is a sport that belongs to the class of cardio loads, because regular exercise burns a lot of calories, increases endurance, coordinates movements, improves heart function and metabolism in the body returns to normal. During such loads, the muscles get toned and the mood improves, because the water has a calming and relaxing effect. Today, there are several basic swimming styles with lifeguard course.
Types of sport swimming: technique of styles
One of the most common is free style (indexing) … It is the fastest compared to the
rest. The swimming technique is simple: the hands are the main driving force. The athlete swims on his chest, hitting his body with his hands. In this case, the legs perform kicks up and down.The peculiarity of this style of swimming is that you need to be able to coordinate breathing. With this type of swimming, you can swim underwater no more than 15 meters, taking into account the bends and start. Indexing features:
As the arms work, the body rotates about 40-50 ° along the longitudinal axis.
The largest slope occurs at the moment of inhalation.
The largest angles of inclination are in the chest area, the smallest are in the lumbar and pelvic areas.
Chest – one of the types of swimming in the pool, which requires the swimmer to adhere to the basic rules:
at the same time and symmetrically, you should perform movements with your arms and legs without taking them out of the water. The greatest power of movement falls on the legs. The athlete puts pressure and starts sliding on the water. The main thing is to follow the coordinated work of the arms and legs, because in this way the swimmer will move with minimal energy consumption and maximum efficiency. Swimming and breathing technique:
When performing bends, the hands should touch the wall at the same level.
During the start, a full kick is performed (hands are directed towards the hips) and strong pressure is applied with the feet.
Breaststroke is considered one of the slowest swimming styles , but it has one advantage: the athlete sees everything that happens in the direction of travel, over long distances, and can swim with little or no noise. This type of swimming is not suitable for beginners, because the technique of execution plays an important role.
The benefits of swimming in the pool
There are 4 styles of swimming and they are all useful in their own way. But if you want to get the maximum benefit for your body and health, then you need to be able to choose the type and technique yourself. Reasons to start swimming:
Are you overweight ? Then the pool will help the pounds to literally go into the water. The body in the pool becomes lighter: entering the water up to the waist – you will feel only 50% of your weight, up to the neck – 10%. Based on this, the pool is what you need for weight loss without much skeletal stress.
Improves muscle tone and makes them stronger … It is especially useful to give children a swim, because the load helps to strengthen bones and develop proper muscles.
Flexibility develops … By making movements, the spine stretches, the shoulder joints make circular rotations, the pelvic joints are strengthened. This contributes to the development of flexibility. Try to stretch after swimming, the result will delight you!
Aerobic exercise strengthens the heart , help it to contract and relax without interruption. This improves blood circulation throughout the body. Constant water loads reduce the risk of coronary heart disease by 40%.
Swimming is a simple and efficient condition … Its energy consumption is colossal and three workouts per week will be enough to soon achieve the desired scales. 10 minutes of breastfeeding burns 60 calories, indexing the back – 80, complex – 100, butterfly – 150.
Swimming helps fight asthma , as it increases lung volume and the person learns to breathe properly. Studies by US scientists have shown that after 16 weeks of intense swimming, asthma attacks are reduced by 4 times.
Improves the condition of the vessels (lymph, blood vessels) … Helps maintain the balance of “good” cholesterol in the blood, which is responsible for the health of the body.
Swimming produces endorphins that make us calmer. … Also, water has a calming effect and exercising in the pool is equivalent to meditation, because the sound of splashing helps to relax and clear your head of unnecessary thoughts.
Swimming – real energy consumption
Swimming is a real salvation for the body of the modern person with a sedentary lifestyle. Maintaining health, maintaining muscle tone, calm and good mood is easy if you have a subscription to the pool!
For several millennia BC, people in Ancient Egypt, Phenicia, Assyria, and other lands knew how to swim and used swimming in fishing, spearfishing, waterfowl, and warfare. This is confirmed by drawings of archaeological finds. The swimming methods used were reminiscent of modern breastfeeding and crawling.